Facts and Figures

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Area: 83,878,99 km²
Population: 8,699,730 (January 1, 2016)
Official language: German
Political system: Republic (federal government)
System of government: Semi-presidential representative democracy

Capital: Vienna (1.8 million inhabitants)
EU membership: 1995
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Value added tax: 20% or reduced 10% rate, e.g. on food
Time zone: +1 MEZ / +2 MESZ (end of March until the end of October)

Geography:

The Alps account for close to two-thirds of the national territory in the west of the country i.e. high and low mountain regions with spectacular mountain ranges and mighty glaciers. Almost half of these mountain areas are covered with forests. The Alpine and Carpathian foothills, the Vienna Basin and Austria’s share of the Pannonian Plains comprise the most important settlement areas and economic zones. They are characterized by green hills and plains, fields and wine-growing regions, idyllic river and lake areas and wide-open steppes.

Highest peak: Großglockner (3.797m)
Most important river: Danube (350 km)

Climate:

Austria is located in the temperate zone in the transition region between a climate with an Atlantic character and a continental, Central European climate. The four seasons (spring, summer, fall and winter) feature typical temperature and climate characteristics. Generally speaking, this means a cold winter and a warm summer with an average amount of precipitation evenly distributed throughout the year. May, September and the first half of October are considered to be the driest months, whereas it rains most frequently in April and November. Short but heavy rains take place repeatedly from June to August. Frost and snowfall can be expected in the valley during the period December to March. The snowline is at 2,000 meters from November to May. Snow remains on the ground throughout the year starting at about 2,800 meters.

There are three different climate areas, which is related to the relatively long West-East stretch of land and the topographical diversity:

  • Alpine climate: in the mountain regions; rich in precipitation, short summers, long winters

  • Continentally influenced Pannonian climate: in the east of the country; low precipitation, hot summers, moderately cold winters

  • Transitional climate impacted by the Atlantic (in the west of Austria) or continentally impacted (south-west)

 Legal holidays:

 

   2016 2017
New Year's Day January 1 January 1
Epiphany January 6 January 6
Easter Monday March 28 April 17
Labor Day May 1 May 1
Ascension Day May 5 May 25
Whit Monday May 16 June 5
Corpus Christi May 26 June 15
Assumption Day August 15 August 15
National Day October 26 October 26
All Saints' Day November 1 November 1
Immaculate Conception December 8 December 8
Christmas Day December 25 December 25
Boxing Day December 26 December 26
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